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School named after Lise Meitner

    Lise Meitner (b. Vienna, Austria-Hungary, 1878 – d. 1968, Cambridge, England) was an Austrian-born and Swedish-naturalized physicist, who studied and lived in Berlin and England. She was one of the people responsible for the discovery of the element protactinium and nuclear fission. She was the first woman to become a full professor of physics in Germany. She lost these positions in the 1930s because of the anti-Jewish Nuremberg Laws of Nazi Germany, and in 1938 she fled to Sweden, where she lived for many years, ultimately becoming a Swedish citizen. She has two craters, one on Venus and one on the Moon, named after her. She was praised by Albert Einstein as the « German Marie Curie ». Meitner did not share the 1944 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for nuclear fission, which was awarded exclusively to her long-time collaborator Otto Hahn. Several scientists and journalists have called her exclusion « unjust ». According to the Nobel Prize archive, she was nominated 19 times for the Nobel Prize in Chemistry between 1924 and 1948 and 30 times for the Nobel Prize in Physics between 1937 and 1967.

    Address : Lise-Meitner-Schule, Lipschitzallee 25, 12351 Berlin

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