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Allocation of aid to the families of foreign workers, identity cards, liberation, 1944-1945

    From 1939 onwards, the European context put the lives of the French on alert. In February 1939, after Franco’s victory, France took in many defeated Spanish republicans who had fled. On 3 September 1939, France declared war on Germany. After the Liberation, the decree of 2 November 1945 gave the National Immigration Office (ONI) a monopoly on the recruitment of foreign workers. The 15 W fonds concerns the departments managing foreign labour, rural work sites, reclassification centres and women’s workshops, the medical service of the provincial and then regional inspectorate, the car centre, the regional quartermaster’s office, the regional supply group and the labour inspectorate. In 2022, records relating to foreign workers were added to the collection. The CLC’s (Commissariat à la lutte contre le chômage) services extended to French and indigenous workers, foreign workers, rural work sites, women’s workshops, expellees and refugees and repatriated demobilised French servicemen. Many files report the requisitions and thefts on foreign workers, groups, Polish reception centres, their management, material and supply difficulties, staff numbers and how they were used, the family situation and lives of these foreign workers, their involvement in the Resistance (particularly the Spanish guerrillas), and the conditions of their liberation at the end of the war. Of particular interest are the files investigated by the Service social des étrangers (SSE), later Contrôle social des étrangers (CSE), which contain extremely important information and rare testimonies from foreign workers and their families, including women.

    Original source name : Attributions de secours aux familles de travailleurs étrangers, cartes d’identité, libération, 1944-1945
    English translation : Allocation of aid to the families of foreign workers, identity cards, liberation, 1944-1945
    Creator : Administration
    Document- type 1 : identity documents
    Document- type 2 : reports
    Reference number : 15 W 62
    Language(s) : French
    Geographical coverage : France
    Time range : 20thc.
    Year(s) : 1942-45
    Theme 1 : war and displacement
    Theme 2 : work
    Link to the item in the catalogue :
    Publication(s) : JOUVE (Pierre), répertoire numérique du fonds du service de la main-d'oeuvre étrangère, Montpellier, 1977, np. // DANZER-KANTOF (Boris), LEFEBVRE (Véronique), TORRES (Félix), Un siècle de réformes sociales, une histoire du ministère du Travail (1906-2006), Paris, la Documentation française, 2006, 261 p. // GAIDA (Peter), "Les étrangers en surnombre", les groupements de travailleurs étrangers (GTE) sous le régime de Vichy, Amazon, 2016, 402 p. // VIET (Vincent), Vichy dans l'histoire des politiques françaises de la main-d'oeuvre, in Travail et Emploi, n° 98, avril 2004, 93 p. // MAUX-ROBERT (Marie-Antoinette), Le Commissariat à la lutte contre le chômage en zone sud, document téléchargé depuis, Presses universitaires de France, nd, np.
    Archive name : Archives départementales de l'Hérault
    Archive name (English) : Department archive of Herault
    Archive address : 907 rue du Professeur Blayac 34080 Montpellier, France
    City : Montpellier
    Country : France
    Official website and institutional resources :
    Finding aid(s) :
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